Who is a data subject?

A data subject is a natural person who is the subject of personal data held by a controller and who can be identified, directly or indirectly, through that personal data.

What are the rights of a data subject?

Each data subject has the right:

  • to be informed whether or not his or her personal data is being processed,
  • to request information about the processing, if data has been processed,
  • to be informed of the purpose of the processing and whether the data is being used in accordance with those purposes,
  • to be informed about third parties who receive personal data in Kenya and abroad,
  • to request the rectification of incomplete or inaccurate processed data, and
  • to request the erasure or destruction of personal data.

What does data processing mean?

Data processing refers to any operation performed on personal data, either entirely or partially, automatically or manually. This includes collection, recording, storage, preservation, modification, revision, disclosure, transmission, assignment, making available, classification, or prevention of use.

Who performs data processing functions?

Data controller: is a natural or legal person who determines the purposes and means of personal data processing and is accountable for the data filing system's establishment and administration.

Data processor: is a natural or legal person that processes personal data on the basis of a data controller's authorization.

What are the obligations of a data controller/processor?

The data controller or processor is required to provide the following information: the purpose of the processing, the recipients of the processed data and the purpose of the transfer, the method used to collect personal data and its legal basis, and any other rights granted to the data subject by law.

What are the principles of data processing?

The principles governing data processing are as follows: it must be processed fairly and lawfully, it must be accurate and up to date, it must be processed for specified, explicit, and legitimate purposes, it must be adequate, relevant, and not excessive in relation to the purposes for which it is processed, and it must be retained for the duration specified by law or for no longer than is necessary for the subsequent processing.

What is a Data Protection Impact Assessment (DPIA)?

A Data Protection Impact Assessment can be used to identify and mitigate high risks associated with data processing that may impact the rights and freedoms of data subjects.